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BEGINNER1. LESSON #20. WHAT DO I KNOW ?

Lesson 20 ! Congratulations, you are already quite advanced in learning French.
Let’s sum up what we know at this point.

- You met the definite articles : le, la, l’ and les and you know now how to use them.

le

la

l'

les

with a masculine noun

with a feminine noun

with a masculine or a feminine noun that begins with a voyel or an unpronounced h

with a plural noun

le garçon, le jouet

la fille, la poupée

l’enfant, l’éléphant

les voitures, les fleurs


- You know some possessive determinants :

with a masculine and singular noun

with a feminine and singular noun

with a plural noun

My

Mon

Ma

Mes

Your

Ton

Ta

Tes

His / Her / Its

Son

Sa

Ses

- You know how to make negative sentences using ne… pas :
Subjet + ne (or sometimes n’) + verb + pas + the end of the sentence
Je ne veux pas de bonbons.
Tu n’aimes pas le poisson.
Tu n’habites pas à Paris.

- You know the entire conjugaison of avoir in the present tense :

J’ai

I have

Tu as

You have

Il a, elle a

He has, she has

Nous avons

We have

Vous avez

You have

Ils ont

They have

- You know the imperative mood of –er verbs (only three grammatical persons and no subject pronoun) :

Regarde

Look

Donne

Give

Regardons

Let’s look

Donnons

Let’s give

Regardez

Look

Donnez

Give

- You know a few colors : jaune, rouge, noir, blanc et bleu. Here are the feminine form of these adjectives :

Masculine form

jaune

rouge

noir

blanc

bleu

Feminine form

jaune

rouge

noire

blanche

bleue

- You know some members of the family : le père (Papa), la mère (Maman), le fils, la fille, les enfants, le grand-père, la grand-mère.

- And you know an impressive list of –er verbs. Most of them are really useful. You can conjugate all of them in the present tense or in the imperative mood.

Aimer – Entrer – Présenter – Manger – Habiter – Jouer - Manquer – Amener – Donner – Adorer – Regarder – Acheter – Chercher – Garer, se garer.

Translate in English :
1. J’ai un sac rouge.
2. Vous n’habitez pas à Lyon.
3. Ma poupée est belle.
4. Cherchons tes bonbons.
5. Elles adorent le zoo.
6. Mon doudou me manque !
7. Papa, achète les fleurs jaunes !
8. Grand-père n’aime pas le poisson.

Translate in French :
1. He lives in Paris. He doesn’t live in Lyon.
2. Look at the monkeys !
3. The flowers are blue.
4. Play with your black truck !
5. The giraffes are not small.
6. He’s parking his car.
7. The gate is not white.

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